Conference Proceeding

Retinal Artery/Vein Classification via Graph Cut Optimization

  • Koen Eppenhof (Eindhoven University of Technology)
  • Erik Bekkers (Eindhoven University of Technology)
  • Tos T.J.M. Berendschot (University Eye Clinic Maastricht)
  • Josien P.W. Pluim (Eindhoven University of Technology)
  • Bart M. ter Haar Romeny (Eindhoven University of Technology)


In many diseases with a cardiovascular component, the geometry of microvascular blood vessels changes. These changes are specific to arteries and veins, and can be studied in the microvasculature of the retina using retinal photography. To facilitate large-scale studies of artery/vein-specific changes in the retinal vasculature, automated classification of the vessels is required. Here we present a novel method for artery/vein classification based on local and contextual feature analysis of retinal vessels. For each vessel, local information in the form of a transverse intensity profile is extracted. Crossings and bifurcations of vessels provide contextual information. The local and contextual features are integrated into a non-submodular energy function, which is optimized exactly using graph cuts. The method was validated on a ground truth data set of 150 retinal fundus images, achieving an accuracy of 88.0% for all vessels and 94.0% for the six arteries and six veins with highest caliber in the image.

Keywords: artery/vein classification, retinal image analysis, graph cut optimization, contextual feature analysis

How to Cite:

Eppenhof, K. & Bekkers, E. & Berendschot, T. T. & Pluim, J. P. & ter Haar Romeny, B. M., (2015) “Retinal Artery/Vein Classification via Graph Cut Optimization”, Proceedings of the Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis International Workshop 2(2015), 121-128. doi:

Rights: Copyright © 2015 Koen Eppenhof, Erik Bekkers, Tos T.J.M. Berendschot, Josien P.W. Pluim, and Bart M. ter Haar Romeny

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Published on
09 Oct 2015
Peer Reviewed