Article

Not all operative time is created equal: operative time in relation to 30-day complications in benign laparoscopic hysterectomies

Authors: Danielle Ikoma (UW Health in Northern Illinois, Rockford, IL) , Michelle Ikoma (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, St. Margaret Family Medicine, Pittsburgh PA) , Michael L Haugsdal (University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa)

  • Not all operative time is created equal: operative time in relation to 30-day complications in benign laparoscopic hysterectomies

    Article

    Not all operative time is created equal: operative time in relation to 30-day complications in benign laparoscopic hysterectomies

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between operative time and specific 30-day postoperative complications across different intervals of operation duration in total laparoscopic hysterectomies (TLHs).

DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study.

SETTING: American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database from 2011 to 2020.

PATIENTS: 131,146 TLH cases.

INTERVENTIONS: Eligible cases included benign laparoscopic hysterectomies with operative times between 20 and 499 min. We excluded cases involving disseminated cancer, emergency surgery, supracervical approaches, or concomitant procedures.

MEASUREMENTS: Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between specific postoperative complications and operative time. Spline regression was used to analyze differences in the association between postoperative complications and operative time across different tertiles of operative duration.

MAIN RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated a significant association between operative time and complication occurrence for each complication type investigated, including unplanned readmission, urinary tract infections, superficial surgical site infections, blood transfusion administration, return to the operating room, and deep organ space infections. Multivariable logistic spline regression demonstrated that operative time contributed more strongly to the odds of a complication for shorter procedures than longer procedures. This relationship was more pronounced for major complications than minor complications.

CONCLUSION: Operative time is a stronger risk factor for developing complications for shorter duration procedures than longer procedures. This is especially evident in major complications such as return to the operating room and deep organ space infections. Our results suggest that longer procedure duration may not affect the likelihood of a complication as much as previously thought, and operative times should not be a primary factor in deciding to convert to laparotomy or alter post-operative management.

Keywords: Benign hysterectomy, laparoscopy, operative time, postoperative complications

How to Cite: Ikoma D, Ikoma M, Haugsdal ML. Not all operative time is created equal: operative time in relation to 30-day complications in benign laparoscopic hysterectomies. Proc Obstet Gynecol. 2024;13(1): Article 2 [17 p.]. doi: https://doi.org/10.17077/2154-4751.33790.

Rights:

Copyright: © 2024 Ikoma, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Published on
08 May 2024
Peer Reviewed
License
CC BY 4.0