Conference Proceeding

The Effects of Momentary Visual Disruption on Hazard Anticipation in Driving

Authors
  • Avinoam Borowsky (Liberty Mutual Research Institute of Safety, Hopkinton, MA)
  • Michael J Horrey (Liberty Mutual Research Institute of Safety, Hopkinton, MA)
  • Yulan Liang (Liberty Mutual Research Institute of Safety, Hopkinton, MA)
  • Angela Garabet (Liberty Mutual Research Institute of Safety, Hopkinton, MA)
  • Lucinda Simmons (Liberty Mutual Research Institute of Safety, Hopkinton, MA)
  • Donald L Fisher (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA)

Abstract

Driver distraction is known to increase crashes, especially when the driver glances for especially long periods of time inside the vehicle. While it is clear that such glances increase risk for the driver when looking inside the vehicle, it is less clear how these glances disrupt the ongoing processing of information outside the vehicle once the eyes return to the road. The present study was aimed at exploring the effect of visual disruptions on the top-down processes that guide the detection and monitoring of hazards on the forward roadway. Using a driving simulator, twelve participants were monitored with an eye tracking system while they navigated various hazardous scenarios. Six participants were momentarily interrupted by a visual secondary task (simulating a glance inside the vehicle) prior to the hazard occurrence and six were not. Eye movement analyses show that interrupted drivers often failed to continue scanning for a hazard when their forward view reappeared. Implications of this study are discussed.

How to Cite:

Borowsky, A. & Horrey, M. & Liang, Y. & Garabet, A. & Simmons, L. & Fisher, D., (2013) “The Effects of Momentary Visual Disruption on Hazard Anticipation in Driving”, Driving Assessment Conference 7(2013), 558-564. doi: https://doi.org/10.17077/drivingassessment.1541

Rights: Copyright © 2013 the author(s)

Downloads:
Download pdf
View PDF

90 Views

129 Downloads

Published on
20 Jun 2013
Peer Reviewed