Conference Proceeding

Improving Restraint Feasibility through Ambulance Layout Redesign

  • Jessica Mueller (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)
  • Tawny Hoyt (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)
  • Laura Stanley (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)


This study examined the duties performed by emergency medical service workers with the goal of increasing the time EMS workers are restrained while providing patient care during transport. An optimal layout of equipment and materials in the rear patient cabin of an ambulance was created increase seatbelt restraint feasibility for working medics. Over 13,000 EMS agency call logs were evaluated to identify medical procedures frequently performed during patient transports, which were then filmed and analyzed using Pareto and link analysis to measure restraint feasibility. An alternative ambulance layout was developed following focus group meetings, and the adjusted tasks restraint feasibilities were calculated for the alternative layout. Restraint feasibility was significantly increased for the 5th percentile female, 50th percentile male, and 95th percentile male anthropometric populations. The proposed patient compartment design increased overall restraint feasibility from 47 percent to 90 percent. The proposed design would increase safety for medics and patients during patient transports by increasing the number of tasks that could be performed from a belted and seated position.

How to Cite:

Mueller, J. & Hoyt, T. & Stanley, L., (2013) “Improving Restraint Feasibility through Ambulance Layout Redesign”, Driving Assessment Conference 7(2013), 85-91. doi:

Rights: Copyright © 2013 the author(s)

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Published on
18 Jun 2013
Peer Reviewed